EUROPASS/Curriculum, cover letter and job interview

Curriculum

The curriculum is a document that reflects the studies and personal and professional merits of a person.

The resume is usually written to respond to a job advertisement, but it can also be delivered on their own initiative in circumstances in which it is convenient to offer professional services, make yourself known, present projects, get into a circle, get a scholarship, a grant, etc. The resume will be accompanied by a self-introduction letter, or a letter of response to an ad.


Some previous tips prior to preparing the curriculum:

  1. It is the first business card, please elaborate it carefully.
  2. A good CV reveals your interest and motivation for the position you are applying for.
  3. It has to be planned in advance so that, with minor modifications, it can be used for different companies as if it had been done specifically for each one.
  4. Do not discard any data of interest


Structure of the curriculum. The data and alleged merits can be grouped into the following sections:

  1. Personal information 
  2. Academic training 
  3. Further training
  4. Languages
  5. Professional experience 
  6. Other data of interest 


EUROPASS
is a personal and coordinated file of five documents, which citizens may be used on a voluntary basis to clearly and easily communicate and present skills, degrees and certifications acquired throughout life throughout Europe (European Union, Area Free Trade Economy, European Economic Area and the Candidate Countries), provided they want to look for work or apply for admission to an educational or training program.


Europass documents. They are the following five:

  1. Europass Curriculum Vitae
  2. Europass Language Passport
  3. Europass Mobility Document
  4. Europass Title / Certificate Supplement
  5. Europass Supplement to the Higher Degree

Activity:

Create your personal curriculum and/or an on-line Europass 

Cover letter

The cover letter is one of the documents used by the candidate for a certain position of work. The letter accompanies the CV and is normally used in two cases:

  1. Letter of response to an advertisement. When we have news, by any means, that there is an open selection process.
  2. Self-introduction letter. It is sent on own initiative, with the intention that they take our application into account in future selection processes.


Observations to take into account when writing the cover letter:

  1. Do not forget to refer to the fact that you meet the required conditions and that you are the person ideal for the job.
  2. Make reference to the curriculum vitae, since the objective is that the person who receives the letter feels interest in reading the curriculum and include you in the selection process.
  3. The wording must be clear, precise and brief; spelling and writing must be taken care at the presentation. It must be neat and clean.
  4. The paper to be used must be of quality and DIN A-4 size.
  5. Do not use unusual letters or punctuation marks or strong colours.
  6. The extension must not exceed one page on one side. Take care of spacing and margins.
  7. The letter must be typed, unless it is indicated to be handwritten.


Structure of the cover letter

  1. Personal data of the applicant. They are usually placed in the upper left.
  2. Addressees details. Name of the person to whom the letter is addressed, with their title (Mr, Mrs, Mr, Mrs, Miss, etc.). The position held, the name of the company must also appear (preferably in capital letters) and the address and town where the company is located. It is usually placed in the upper right part.
  3. Date. The locality (followed by a comma), the day, the month and the year must be mentioned.
  4. Greeting. You have to be very careful with the greeting and take into account who it is addressed to. Usually formulas of the type “Dear Mr / Mrs ……” are used.
  5. Content. The content of the cover letter can be structured as follows:
  6. First paragraph. If it is about responding to an ad, you must refer to the medium in which we have seen the offer (newspaper, radio, notice board …), and to the position of job to which you aspire. If it is a self-introduction letter it is very important to refer to the company in a way that arouses the interest of the person receiving the letter of presentation.
  7. Second paragraph. It is the most important; we must highlight the personal and professional aspects highlights of our curriculum related to the position to be filled. Should show interest in working in that company or job.
  8. Third. The candidate requests to be part of the selection process, in the event that it to be held, or offers to hold a personal interview.
  9. Farewell. You must take special care and write a simple farewell with a greeting of the type: “Awaiting news from you, receive a cordial greeting.”
  10. Firm. It must be signed in full with name and surname. It is convenient that the signature is simple, rather sober and does not present too many ornaments.

Activity

Create your cover letter

Job interview

A job interview is a conversation between an interviewer and an interviewee whose purpose is to search for the most suitable person to fill a job. Handling properly a job interview is not easy; it is essential to have prepared for the interview in advance to:

  1. Show that you have the necessary knowledge to do the job.
  2. Show that the work can be done.
  3. Convince the interviewer that you are the ideal person to fill the job.


The normal thing is that an interview takes place in the interviewer’s office and that the objectives that intend to achieve this have to do with:

  1. Who is the candidate.
  2. What knowledge do you have?
  3. Will you be able to do the job and assume the responsibilities of it.


Phases of the interview

  1. Introductory phase or preliminary phase

In this phase, the presentation and reception of the candidate by the interviewer takes place.

  1. Development phase of the interview

In this phase, information is exchanged between the interviewer and the job applicant. In the first phase, the interviewer tries to expand and contrast information about the Curriculum Vitae/Europass, to later obtain information on the personal characteristics of the candidate. With these questions the interviewer tries to determine the suitability or non-suitability of the candidate for the work position and the company. At the end of this phase, the interviewer informs us about the characteristics of the job position, as well as the operation of the company.

  1. Final phase or synthesis

The interviewer makes a brief summary of his impressions of how the interview went, indicating to the interviewee the possibility of asking a question about issues that have not been clear or simply questions to expand information about the job. In this phase the candidate is recommended to ask questions about the job that demonstrate interest and motivation for said position.

Activity

Job Interview Role Playing

References

https://europa.eu/europass/en

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