Jun 29

5.4. State Consumer Rights Protection Authorities

Every EU Member State has a national authority in charge of consumers rights’ protection, when dealing with credit or financial institutions (National Competent Authorities for Consumer Protection – European, 2020). Consumer protection policy makes sure that the single market can operate properly and successfully (Fact Sheets on the European Union: European Parliament, n.d). The main […]

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Jun 29

5.3. State Data Protection Authorities

State Data Protection Authorities (DPAs) are independent public authorities in charge of superintending the implementation of data protection laws, via investigative and corrective powers (What Are Data Protection Authorities (DPAs)? 2018). DPAs offer expert advice concerning data protection matters and they are responsible for dealing with denunciations made due to violations of the General Data […]

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Jun 29

5.2. GDPR and CCPA

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a privacy and security law concerning the protection of personal data. Personal data are considered to be any information that can, directly or indirectly, lead to the identification of an individual (Goddard, 2017, p. 703). Personal data include information regarding the location, ethnicity, gender, biometric data, religious beliefs or […]

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Jun 29

5.1. E-privacy regulation in EU

The ePrivacy Regulation (ePR) is a proposal for the regulation of various privacy-related topics, mostly in relation to electronic communications within the European Union. Its full name is “Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the respect for private life and the protection of personal data in electronic communications and repealing Directive […]

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